Thailand covers a land area of 513,115 sq.km or approximately the same size as France, with a coastline of approximately 2,700 kilometres on the Gulf of Thailand and 865 kilometres along the Indian Ocean. The population is approximately 69 million, with 8 million of which live in the capital city of Bangkok!
Domestic Airlines, and Baggage regulations for domestic flight
Thai Airways, Bangkok Airways, Nok Air and Air Asia are the most common domestic airlines in Thailand. Whilst Thai Airways and Bangkok Airways have code-share agreements with many international carriers.
Most regular airlines offer 20 kg per person, whilst some low cost carriers will charge extra for luggage that will be loaded, however keep in mind they may only allow 15 kg, therefore please double check before booking your ticket because if you end up having having to pay extra at the airport — it can be quite expensive.
For list of domestic airlines and website click here.
There’s a sunny day every day, except when it rains
Seasons in Thailand vary according to region, but generally for most of the country weather is best from November to April, with the monsoons raining in from May to October. But that doesn’t mean you should avoid visiting during that time of year, quite the contrary because with the rains brings greenery, cool breezes after the rain stops, besides that three major islands are enjoying the best weather at this time; Koh Samui, Koh Tao and Koh Phangan.
Suggest you visit our Thailand Weather Averages page to get a clearer picture of the weather patterns are like.
Currency & Exchange
Currency is the Thai Baht (100 Satang = 1 Baht). Most common are 1, 2, 5 and 10 Baht coins, bank notes are available in 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1,000 Baht.
Throughout Thailand 220 volts. Generally you will find that plugs are 2 wire flat pin plugs in most places, rarely will you find 3 way sockets. We suggest you bring a travel adapter if you plugs are different from home.
Food & Drink
Thai food is generally very spicy, very healthy and very exotic. Instead of salt, fish sauce is used to salten dishes (a fact that vegetarians and vegans should consider). Common spices include chili, garlic, ginger, galanga, Thai basil and lemon grass. Some of these herbs and spices may be unusual to European mouths. If you don’t mind the “simple ways”, Thai food is also very cheap and available practically everywhere, and at any time of the day & night, as Thais simply love to eat.
Alcoholic beverages, except for beer and some local brands, are mostly expensive.
You should generally stay away from tap water or ice, made from tap water. Though the water quality has improved over the last years, we would still suggest you drink bottled water.
Thailand is generally flat, with the southern ranges of the Himalayas making the north rather mountainous. The south is dominated by beaches and a long coastline with many small islands, the south is also quite tropical.
Thailand is a shopping paradise. From the flea markets & night markets, luxurious air conditioned shopping centers with high brand name items, there is bound to something for everyone.
A word of warning though, you may be approached along the street by strangers pretending to be police, civil servants, retirees telling you about a “government sale”, this is a scam and they will take you to a jeweller selling low quality gems and jewellry at inflated prices.
In hotels, and some restaurants, there will be a serviFor every service you are paying a “service charge” in Thailand, which practically covers tipps. But of course it is a nice (and happily taken) gesture, if you pay a few baht extra for good service or quality. There are no rules, but you may consider this a tip of 35 baht provides a full- grown meal.
Transportation – Trains, Planes & Buses
The easiest and fastest way to travel in Thailand is still by plane, however not all towns have an airport, therefore getting there by train or bus is the only alternative.
Train travel in Thailand is relatively cheap and secure, though somewhat slow life, as we are still running old diesel engines, and carriages from post World War II.
Air conditioned buses are sometimes the only way to go if you want to reach far away places. Some bus companies offer VIP coaches with super leg room, almost flat reclining seats, and individual TV monitors …. just like on an airline.
What to bring when traveling to Thailand (clothes, medicines..)
Although major tourist destinations have fully developed infrastructure, including hospitals and doctors available at all times, it is always a good idea to bring specific medicines with you.
For tropical-diseases, please contact an experienced doctor prior to your travel. Most tourist areas of Thailand are free of Malaria, but there are cases of Dengue-fever from time to time.
Anti-Mosquito spray should not be missing in any suitcase.
Sun-protection is vital for traveling to Thailand, as the tropical sun can be harmful to unprotected body- parts. Apart from that bring mostly light clothing, made from natural fabrics and -if you travel up north- a light jacket or equal, as it may get a little chilly at night.
Passport & Visa
Citizens of most EU countries will receive a visa upon arrival with a validity of 30 days. Please contact your nearest Thai embassy for details regarding your specific nationality.
Anyhow your passport has to be valid at least 6 month after the date of leaving the kingdom. Children of most nationalities need a passport.